[22] Question 1748 Land border agreement with Bangladesh. Department of Public Diplomacy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi, 4 May 2016. www.mea.gov.in/lok-sabha.htm?dtl/26749/QUESTION+NO1748+LAND+BOUNDARY+AGREEMENT+WITH+BANGLADESH. READ: Make a bill for the ratification of the Indo Bangla border pact: the country Partnership Agreement at home [1] “India, Bangladesh sign a historic agreement on land borders.” The Hindu Business Line, June 6, 2015. www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/india-bangladesh-sign-historic-land-boundary-agreement/article7289332.ece. Although these people are currently Indian citizens on paper, they often find it difficult to claim their status. They feel that they are being treated unevenly with respect to basic infrastructure provisions, such as electricity, drinking water, land titles and regular roads. One of these immediate distinctions was the patent during the visit to the madhya Mashaldanga enclave, Dinhata Block. Once a Bangladeshi enclave, it had closed an Indian enclave, namely Mancheshaoraguri. One year after the historic exchanges, the inhabitants of Madhya Madhaldanga have become Indian citizens, but they still lack electricity, campaign papers and electoral maps, while Mancheshaoraguri, which is made up of only one family, is equipped with all these facilities. Currently, this is the situation in all the enclaves of Cooch Behar.

Another important issue raised by all new citizens interviewed is the acquisition of land. Although the LBA is a positive step in launching a territory exchange, scientists and analysts agree that the LBA does not mean a complete break with the pre-LBA situation. [4] There are obvious continuities in the problems that existed in the years leading up to the LBA, although the nature and context of the problems have changed significantly. On the Indian side, the spotlight shifted from the identity crisis faced by the former enclaves in the pre-LBA situation, issues of poor governance and conflicts of interest between the Centre and the State in the years following the LBA. The intractable disagreement over the implementation of the measures promised to new citizens, coupled with a lack of coordination between the centre and the state in India, seems to have turned the enclaves into hotbeds of local politics. The 2015 LBA was signed on 6 June 2015 in Bangladesh. [1] The historic agreement facilitated the transfer of 111 enclaves from India to Bangladesh at 17,160.63 hectares. In contrast, India received 51 enclaves, or 7,110.02 hectares in Bangladesh (see annexes 1 and 2). Prior to this historic agreement, the protocol signed in 2011 between Manmohan Singh (India) and Sheikh Hasina (Bangladesh) was agreed, maintaining the status quo in dealing with the issue of unfavourable land holdings, with India receiving 2,777,038 hectares of Land from Bangladesh (see Appendix 3) and transferring 2,267,682 hectares of land to Bangladesh (see Appendix 4). [2] The 2011 Protocol was established in agreement with the governments of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and West Bengal, but could not be implemented due to adverse political circumstances.

Thus, in 2015, the LBA implements the unresolved problems resulting from the unmarcated land border – about 6.1 km long – in three sectors. B including daikhata-56 (West Bengal), Muhuri River-Belonia (Tripura) and Lathitila-Dumabari (Assam); The exchange of enclaves; and the harmful property that was first dealt with in the 2011 protocol. [3] It is important to note that Bangladesh has gained more territory in exchange for land than India.